The 4 Components of Comprehensive School Health

There are 4 separate but interconnected components that address comprehensive school health. When actions in all four components are harmonized, students are supported to realize their full potential as learners – and as healthy, productive members of society.

Teaching and Learning: Student-centered learning and teacher training through resources, activities, and provincial/territorial curriculum. Students gain age-appropriate knowledge and experiences, helping to build skills to improve their health, well-being, and learning outcomes.

Resources and activities should include school health policies and guidelines, culturally-relevant contexts, and school community assets.

Social and Physical Environment:

The social environment is:

The school’s social environment supports the school community in making healthy choices by building competence, autonomy, and connectedness.

The physical environment is:

The physical environment is safe and accessible and supports healthy choices for all members of the school community.

Partnerships and Services: Community – and school – based partnerships and services are essential links for student achievement and the health and well-being of everyone in the school community. They enhance the range of supports and opportunities for students, parents, educators, and others. Examples of partnerships and services are:

Policy: the management practices, decision-making processes, rules, procedures, policies, and guidelines at all levels that promote student wellness and achievement, and shape a respectful, welcoming, and caring school environment for all members of the school community.

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